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Glossary of terms:

Annual review

A yearly review of a statement of special educational needs.


An ongoing process of finding out a child's progress, achievements, strengths and needs.


The ways in which the curriculum and teaching are adapted to meet a range of needs.

Education Health Care Plan ( EHC)

A legal document written by the local authority that sets out outcomes and the best way to achieve them.  Replacing Statement of Educational needs from September 2014

Educational psychologist (EP)

Educational psychologists are trained in psychology, teaching and child development. They provide advice, consultation and assessment to schools and other settings.


Emotional Literacy Support Assistant

Educational Psychologist EP

An educational psychologist is concerned with helping children or young people who are experiencing problems within an educational setting with the aim of enhancing their learning.

Health visitor

A qualified nurse with additional training.

Hearing impairment

A loss of hearing, which ranges from profound and permanent deafness to lesser, temporary levels.

Individual behaviour management plan (IBMP)

An individual behaviour management plan, is a document which supports a child’s individual needs  by planning for positive behaviour support strategies to create and maintain a safe learning environment for the child, other children and school staff.

Individual education plan (IEP)

A working document setting out the targets and the support to meet special educational needs that is additional to or different from that provided for others.


A process of educating children within their community.


A more structured and intensive programme that is tailored to a pupils specific difficulties. Usually delivered as a one to one programme by a teacher/teaching assistant who has undertaken some additional training.


Aspects of Wave 3 intervention include regular input, often on a daily basis (little and often). The aim of Wave 3 intervention is to reduce the gap between the pupil and their peers and hopefully support them to reach the target level for their age. We know that there is an optimum time to intervene, and early intervention is recommended.

Learning support assistant (LSA)

A member of staff providing extra support in early years settings and schools.

Mainstream school

A local school, which caters for all children.

National curriculum

This sets out the entitlement to learning for all pupils.

Pastoral care

The practice of looking after the personal and social wellbeing of children or students under the care of a teacher. It can encompass a wide variety of issues including health, social and moral education, behavior management and emotional support.

Peer group

Other children of a similar age, interests or abilities.

Primary Behaviour Service


A referral based service offering outreach and in reach support for primary children with behavioural, emotional and social development needs.

Sensory impairment    

An impairment of hearing or vision.

Special needs assistant



Social worker    

A person employed by the local authority, who is trained to provide support and advice for parents and families on social/care issues.

Special educational needs coordinator (SENCo)    

The member of staff with responsibility for coordinating special educational provision within a school or early education setting.

Specific learning difficulty

A brain based learning difficulty that manifests in delays in specific areas, including reading and writing.

Speech and language therapist

A person trained to assess and treat speech, language, voice and fluency disorders.

Statement of special educational needs


A legal document written by the local authority that sets out a child's needs and the extra help they should get.

Being replaced by EHC plan in September 2014

Statutory assessment

A multi-disciplinary assessment of special educational needs, which have not been met by school action or school action plus.

Transition plan

A plan, written after the annual review held in year nine, drawing together information from different people into a plan for the young person's transition to adult life.

Visual impairment

A loss of vision that ranges from profound through to lower level.

Waves of provision

Wave 1 Inclusive high quality provision within the classroom

Wave 2 Additional in interventions to enable children to work at age related expectations or above

Wave 3 Additional highly personalised intervention