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Glossary of terms:

Annual review

A yearly review of a statement of special educational needs.


An ongoing process of finding out a child's progress, achievements, strengths and needs.


The ways in which the curriculum and teaching are adapted to meet a range of needs.

Educational psychologist (EP)

Educational psychologists are trained in psychology, pedagogy and child development. They provide advice, consultation and assessment to schools and other settings.

Health visitor

A qualified nurse with additional training.

Hearing impairment

A loss of hearing, which ranges from profound and permanent deafness to lesser, temporary levels.

Individual education plan (IEP)

A working document setting out the targets and the support to meet special educational needs that is additional to or different from that provided for others.


A process of educating children within their community.

Learning support assistant (LSA)

A member of staff providing extra support in early years settings and schools.

Mainstream school

A local school, which caters for all children.

National curriculum

This sets out the entitlement to learning for all pupils.

Peer group

Other children of a similar age, interests or abilities.

Sensory impairment

An impairment of hearing or vision.

Social worker

A person employed by the local authority, who is trained to provide support and advice for parents and families on social/care issues.

  1. educational needs coordinator (INCO)

The member of staff with responsibility for coordinating special educational provision within a school or early education setting.

Specific learning difficulty

A brain based learning difficulty that manifests in delays in specific areas, including reading and writing.

Speech and language therapist

A person trained to assess and treat speech, language, voice and fluency disorders.

Statement of special educational needs

A legal document written by the local authority that sets out a child's needs and the extra help they should get.

Statutory assessment

A multi-disciplinary assessment of special educational needs, which have not been met by school action or school action plus.

Transition plan

A plan, written after the annual review held in year nine, drawing together information from different people into a plan for the young person's transition to adult life.

Visual impairment

A loss of vision that ranges from profound through to lower level.